In the world there are many people using tea, not only that, tea is also a drink that many people love. As a result, many people will need to look for information on teas, the nutritional value of tea and especially how to make concentrated tea delicious.
You worry because your knowledge of tea is very small, you want to find out the main and best information about tea in countless information on social networks. Don’t worry and get confused when searching. If you have read this far, I believe you have chosen the right article to find out information. So, please continue to find out the useful information below.
This article will include the following main information:
- What is tea? What nutritional values does tea have? What uses or health benefits does it have?
- Ingredients are added to the tea to add flavor and flavor.
- Tools for preparing tea.
- Step by step: how to make concentrated tea.
What is tea? What nutritional values does tea have? What uses or health benefits does it have?
Before learning how to make concentrated tea, I will discuss the basics of tea so that you can have an overview and define how important it is.
What is tea?
Drinking water is the drink that everyone needs because more than 70% of the human body is water. However, if we only drink water, it is not enough, but it also gives the drinker a feeling of boredom. Do you believe you always drink enough water during the day? Therefore, people use tea instead of normal drinking water to both have nutrients and provide basic water for the body.
Tea is grown in tropical regions such as China, India, Turkey, Vietnam, etc. These are countries that are suitable for tea and have a great source of income for tea.
What nutritional values does tea have?
If you want to know about how to make concentrated tea, you should know how tea has nutritional value and benefits to the users, you will have the right passion for tea.
The nutritional components in tea include amino acids, vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins and lipids.
The main component of the human cell organization is protid; in which amino acids are constituent units of parotid. There are up to 25 types of amino acids in the human body, including 8 types that the human body cannot synthesize, which must rely on external food sources.
Content of free amino acids in tea is 2-5%. Amino acids have good physiological effects on humans such as heart support, diuretic, blood vessels …
Vitamin is an organic compound that is essential for the physical metabolism in the human body. It is a type of coenzyme involved in nutritional components such as protid, lipid, glucid. Although the body only needs a very small amount, people cannot make it on their own but need to take supplements from foods provided outside.
In fresh tea leaves there are many lipid-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins. Lipid soluble vitamins (such as A1, A2, D1, D2, D3, D4, K1, K2) and water-soluble vitamins like (such as B1, B2, B6, B12, PP, pantotenic, C, P) For water-soluble vitamins, when braised tea with boiling water, up to 80% of vitamins can be extracted.
The content of vitamin C (or ascorbic acid) is abundant in tea; 100g of dry tea has 100-500mg of vitamin C, higher than lemon, pineapple, apple and citrus. Vitamin C is easily broken down by oxidizing agents, especially at high temperatures and in the presence of heavy metals such as Cu [copper], Fe [iron]; During the fermentation and drying stages of the black tea processing, much is destroyed; Green tea is less damaged so it has more vitamin C than black tea.
Vitamin C has a hemostatic effect, promotes lipid oxidation, excretion of cholesterol, so it is resistant to high blood pressure and arteriosclerosis. Vitamin C also participates in redox processes in the human body, promotes the detoxification effect, and is beneficial for metal excretion from the body. Vitamin C interferes with the formation of tension tumors; If you regularly drink tea, it can slow the development of carcinoma of your body. Vitamin C content needed for adults is 60mg / day; So just drinking 3-4 cups of tea / day is enough.
Vitamin B in tea leaves has many types; Effects, content and needs of each type for the human body are different.
- Vitamin B1 (Thianin) helps to maintain normal muscle function by promoting the physical metabolism of the nervous, cardiopulmonary and digestive systems; reduce neuritis, prevent pneumonia and stomach arrhythmias. In 100g of tea has 150-160mg of vitaminB1; Daily necessities of people are 1700mg vitamin B1, 1 cup of tea has 4.5-18mg of vitamin B1; 5 cups of uongs tea per day to ensure 1.3-1.5 of vitamin B1 requirement.
- Vitamin B2 is also known as vitamin G, the melanocyte riboflavin, which is often lacking in everyday nutritional components; lack of vitamin B2 affects physical oxidation in the human body; Vitamin B2 deficiency is usually manifested in the eyes, at the junction of the skin and mucous membranes; Therefore, vitamin B2 has the effect of preventing and treating keratitis, dermatitis, and oral keratitis. In 100g tea has 1300-1700mg vitamin B2, 5 times higher than soybeans, 20 times higher than rice and watermelon. Humans need 1800mg / day; Drink 5 cups of tea / day to provide 11-14% of vitamin B2 needs.
- Vitamin B3 (vitamin PP), the lack of it in the body makes the content of coenzymes in the muscles significantly reduced and sick.
- Vitamin B11, also known as folic acid, is effective in preventing Fe [Iron] deficiency anemia. 100g of dry tea has 50-80mg B12; drink 5 cups of tea / day to ensure 2.5-4.0% vitamin B12 needs of the human body / day.
- Vitamin P1 maintains the permeability of cells and micro-blood vessels, anti-albumin penetrates into the blood vessels, reduces capillary hemorrhage, increases blood elasticity and prevents high blood pressure.
- Lipid-soluble vitamins: Including A, D, E, K … In which vitamin E promotes the function of cell reproduction, anti-oxidant, effectively rejuvenates humans. 100g of tea has 57-70mg of vitamin E; vitamin K has a hemostatic effect.
Minerals are indispensable substances of the human body; There are types involved in the structure of tissue cells and skeletal muscle; There are types involved in maintaining internal permeability, acid-base balance and metabolism in the body. In tea there are more than 40 minerals, including macronutrients such as K, Ca, Na, P, Mg, Cl and middle and trace elements such as Si, Fl, Al, Cd, Fe, Mn, Co, Zn, Se, As, Mo …
To determine the mineral composition in tea must determine the ingredients in tea ash. Ash is the material remaining after heating tea at high temperature 500-600 ° C. Ash is divided into 2 groups, soluble and insoluble in water. The water insoluble group is divided into 2 subgroups, soluble and insoluble in dilute hydrochloric acid.
- Potassium content is the highest 1.5-2.5%. Potassium is the main cationic substance in tea cells; it has a vital effect on metabolism, osmotic pressure and blood fluid balance.
- Selenium (GSH-PX) is an indispensable component in the cellular tissue organization component. It stimulates the production of protid and antibody immunity, enhances resistance to disease, has certain effects on heart disease.
- Zn through the formation of RNA and DNA directly affects the formation of nucleic acids and proteins.
- Fluor is the principal broker of bone structure; has good preventive effects against tooth disease and osteoporosis. Fl content in tea is relatively high (over 100ppm), tea lobe, in the order of high to low as follows: Black tea, oolong tea, black tea, green tea. Fl deficiency is susceptible to Parkinson’s disease and colon cancer.
- Calcium: Ca content in green tea is 1.4-3.3mg, black tea is 2.9-6.6mg / g dry tea.
- Magnesium in green tea is 1.2-2.4mg, black tea is 1.2-2.3mg / g dry tea.
- Fe in green tea is 80-260mg, black tea is 100-290mg / g dry tea.
- Manganese in green tea is 0.2-1.1mg, black tea is 0.25-1.3mg / g dry tea.
Every day, drink 5-6 cups of tea, ensuring ± 45%, 25% and 10% of the requirement for manganese, potassium, Se and Zn.
Ingredients are added to the tea to add flavor and flavor.
Tea is a beverage with a variety of blends and how to make concentrated tea is one way. And these help you can combine with many other ingredients to create different drinks depending on the needs of each drink.
Have you ever thought the milk could be combined with concentrated tea? Probably because this is a popular combination to create the milk tea drink on the market.
You can use a specified amount of concentrated tea, you pour as much milk as you need using the amount of stuff you want and then add ice cubes to cool it. After doing such simple steps, you will have a delicious cup of milk tea with the smell of milk and the refreshing aroma of the tea. Great!
Many people like to add milk to tea for flavor enhancement. However, adding the wrong way can ruin the teapot. For people who make good tea, when making a pot of tea buds, they will put the milk in the cup first. When the tea is ready, pour the tea into the milk cup to warm the milk. This approach not only helps to break down the proteins in the milk, but also prevents the tea from getting sludge.
With tea bags, users should add milk later. That is, put the tea bag in a cup of boiling water for about 3 minutes and then take out the tea bag, add milk. If you put the milk right on a tea bag when brewing, it will cool the water, the fat in the milk will cling to the tea’s nutrients to not dissolve, affecting the flavor and quality of the tea.
As mentioned above ice is the raw material for cooling. It was the same in this case. In addition, you can mix concentrated tea with the amount of mineral water you want and add ice, and you have a cup of ice tea for the hot day.
The ice melts a quantity of water to dilute the flavor and color of tea.
Have you ever heard of Tropical Tea or Fruit Tea?
Probably yes or no. Many people use fruit in combination with a quantity of tea to create a combination of many different substances that still bring the scent and flavor to the user or tea drinker.
Some of the fruits commonly associated with tea are orange juice, peaches, kumquats, etc. These fruits are rich in vitamins C and E, both of which work to make your skin smooth and supple. At the same time, drinking tea regularly also helps the mood become more comfortable and relaxing.
- If you have stomach problems, you should limit fruit tea
If you have certain medical conditions, typically stomach illnesses such as peptic ulcer, duodenal disease, gastritis, stomach ache or pancreas, then you should stay away from teas that are made. from fresh lemons, passion fruit, apples, grapefruit … because these fruits often have a relatively high content of organic matter, the higher the concentration of gastric juice will increase, thus making the disease more serious. than.
- Abstain from or limit fruit tea when you are diabetic
People with diabetes need to have an extremely strict diet, especially for people with severe illness, if you use too much, it will increase the amount of sugar and make the disease worse. Even if the average person takes it in excess, it increases the risk of diabetes because the sugar in the fruit is extremely large. Especially to avoid grapes because grapes have a lot of glucose and energy.
Tools for preparing tea.
When you learn about how to make concentrated tea, you will have questions about what are the utensils for making tea and drinking tea? What features do those tools have and is it necessary to use it while making tea?
In this section, I will answer your question. do not miss it!
The teapot is divided into several types depending on its capacity. You should choose a kettle equivalent to the number of people. Single warm for 1 person, but warm for 2 people and warm pants for many people. You should not use a kettle too big, but few people will make the tea cool quickly, losing its taste.
The tea cup also includes 2 types of cup and cup of military:
Cup serving (special cup) is a large cup used to specialize tea into small cups.
Military cup (tea cup) is a type of cup finished from earthenware and enameled. This type of cup usually has a lid and a plate underneath for the cup.
The tea pot works to help keep the tea sealed, without losing its flavor due to moisture or high temperature. If you are a sophisticated person, you can choose terracotta tea jars, however, baking jars are quite expensive so you can choose aluminum or glass tea jars, etc.
Ministry of gripping tools (if needed)
The tongs usually include the following 4 tools: Tea scoop, cup pickers, small sticks to put dry tea into the kettle, clear the tap. Depending on the set, the vendor can add 6 extra coasters.
Step by step: how to make concentrated tea.
This is an important section telling you how to make concentrated tea while still providing the full nutrients of the tea. Read it carefully!
Step 1: Boil the water.
Tea always needs boiling water to make. Depending on the type that we use just boiled water or let it cool down at about 70 degrees or more.
Step 2: Take the tea from the tea jar
You choose a certain amount of tea into the teapot which is overheated with boiling water. You can add about 1/5, 1/3 or 1/2 teapot. depending on needs.
Or you can use the tea in the bag. Because concentrated tea needs to be mixed, the quantity of bags is concentrated, about 7 to 8 bags.
Step 3: Brew tea
You pour the boiled water into the teapot and wait 5-10 minutes for the tea to ripen and soak the tea in the water to make the tea more concentrated and fragrant.
Step 4: Pour tea
You slowly pour out each cup of tea and pour more than half a cup is okay. Because drinking hot tea is delicious and pouring more than half a cup helps you to easily hold the cup and also slowly taste the tea to avoid burns.
Step 5: Brew the tea a few more times
Since there is a lot of tea in the kettle, you can brew the tea a few more times with that amount of tea. However, the tea brewing times after the tea will be a little thinner. This is great for you to make tea with a few other ingredients that I mentioned above.
- What are the highlights of a tea?
- Black Tea: Black tea is often confused with black tea. Even many people consider these 2 types to be 1. In fact, black tea is a tea that is 100% oxidized and has a red color. Black tea is only oxidized about 80-90%, and has a brighter red color. In terms of taste, black tea has a strong tea flavor and strong aroma.
- Green Tea: Green tea is a kind of tea that is more popular in Vietnam. After being picked, the tea will be wilted and brought to fry or steamed at high temperature. When brewing tea, it will have a yellowish green color
- Oolong Tea: Oolong tea has a more complex process than many others. Finished tea is usually in pill form, the tea is dark yellow in color, beautiful.
- Tea flowers: Tea flowers come in many varieties. As the name suggests, tea is made from flowers such as chrysanthemum, rose, pea flower, lavender, hibiscus,…. Depending on the type of flower, the tea will have a different flavor.
- “Tasting tea” is merely an act of drinking tea, right?
Tasting tea is not only about drinking tea but also feeling the taste and smell of the tea. You can smell the scent of the tea before drinking it, as the scent can help you relax and relax.
Delicious tea when drunk hot is something that every tea lover can understand. While the tea is still hot, the drinker can smell the aroma of the tea soaring, the color of the tea is dark green or the golden color shines. The tea taste is still fresh, a bit tingling on the tip of the tongue and sweet on the throat. Sipping each sip, enjoying the full flavor and color is the best way to enjoy tea.
If you can eat sweets, you can eat it with a little cake, rice will help neutralize the acrid taste in the mouth. Help to enjoy tea more.
- Is there a note about the temperature of boiling water for making tea?
The answer is yes. Water temperature is quite important, you do not need to measure accurately, just estimate the range. Below I will state more clearly.
Many people believe that pouring boiling water into tea will shorten the incubation time, so that nutrients are absorbed into the water and have a better taste. However, in fact, if the tea is made from the young buds of the tea plant, boiling water can burn the tea wings (with mixed teas, boiling water or old hot water helps nutrients absorb quickly and ensure flavors of all ingredients). The best water temperatures for making good tea are:
- White tea: 65 – 75 ° C
- Green tea: 75 – 85 ° C
- Black tea: 85 – 95 ° C
- Tea brew: 85 – 100 ° C
To determine the exact water temperature, you can use a thermometer commonly used in the cooking process. If you don’t have a thermometer, you can determine the temperature visually or test it manually. For example, with white tea, if you heat it with an electric kettle, when you see the first smoke of steam coming out of the kettle, when the kettle is vibrating, the water is about 65 – 75 ° C and can be used. As for black tea, you need to wait until the kettle vibrates and bubbles to make a delicious tea.
- Green tea is a cleansing tea, so does it contain caffeine?
The answer is yes. Many people assume that green tea does not contain caffeine. However, this concept is completely wrong. Tea always contains a certain amount of caffeine. In particular, all teas produced from young tea buds contain caffeine. At the same weight, tea contains more caffeine than coffee.
However, you usually use more coffee to brew, so a cup of tea may contain less caffeine (for example, a cup of black tea contains only 40-70mg while a cup of coffee contains 100-200mg of caffeine). The amount of caffeine in tea also brings many uses for health instead of as harmful as the caffeine of coffee.
- Do you need to weigh and measure the amount of tea taken out of brew?
When making tea, you should take a sufficient amount of tea to use. The amount of tea taken depends on the number of people drinking, the volume of the pot used to make the tea, the type of tea you plan to make, and whether the taste is strong or light. You should not put too much tea in the kettle to brew, do not brew too boldly will lose the taste of the tea
After cutting the tea package and taking the tea, the tea package that you take must be wrapped carefully to avoid the impact of air losing the flavor of the tea, store the tea in a sealed box to a cool place, away from damp and Strange smells easily affect the tea.
Through the reading and detailed information above, when you read here, I believe you have grasped many useful things. Besides, I think you will also have surprises with lots of information that you have never heard of.
The above information is very useful, it helps you to choose a good tea, good tools for brewing or breaking the tea, ingredients that have nutrients and add flavor or flavor to the tea.
Below I will share more with you the video about how to make concentrated tea for an overview and easier application.
Wish you success in how to make concentrated tea and get more useful information about tea through my article. Thanks for reading.